Xanthinuria type 1

type I xanthinuria, a type of classical xanthinuria , is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of purine Metabolism characterized by the isolated deficiency of xanthine dehydrogenase, causing hyperxanthinemia with low or absent uric Acid and xanthinuria, leading to urolithiasis, hematuria, renal colic and Urinary tract infections, while some patients are asymptomatic and others suffer from Kidney failure. Less common manifestations include arthropathy, myopathy and duodenal ulcer.

Also Known As

  • Isolated hereditary xanthinuria
  • Isolated xanthine oxidase deficiency
  • Isolated xanthine oxidoreductase deficiency
  • Isolated xanthine dehydrogenase deficiency
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