Viral Infections

Viruses are capsules with genetic material inside. They are very tiny, much smaller than bacteria. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox and hemorrhagic fevers.

Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This eventually kills the cells, which can make you sick.

Viral infections are hard to treat because viruses live inside your body's cells. They are "protected" from medicines, which usually move through your bloodstream. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are a few antiviral medicines available. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Different Conditions

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Related ICD 10 COde
ICD 10 Code A83

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Acute pharyngitis

Rapid onset inflammation of the pharynx, (back of the throat, between the tonsils and the voicebox (larynx)) due to a specifically identified organism not classified elsewhere.

Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Organ Affected

    Pharyngeal structure (body structure)|Entire pharynx (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • acute pneumococcal pharyngitis
  • acute staphylococcal pharyngitis
  • pneumococcal pharyngitis
  • staphylococcal pharyngitis
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code J02.8

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    Carrier of infectious disease agent

    This refers to a carrier of human RNA retrovirus that is known to cause a type of cancer, referred to as adult T-cell leukemia and lymphoma, and a demyelinating disease called HTLV-I associated myelopathy/Tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP).

    Abbreviated Terms

  • HTLV-1- [human t-cell lymphotropic virus type 1]
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code Z22.6

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    Congenital Varicella Zoster virus infection

    Varicella normally resulting from transplacental infection from a mother who develops varicella from 5 to 21 days before delivery. This allows time for the mother to produce virus-specific antibodies which can be transferred transplacentally to the fetus and thus limit the severity of infection in the newborn child. The risk of disseminated disease is much less than in mothers who give birth within a shorter time after developing varicella.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P35

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    Also Known As

  • Vestibulopathies
  • vertiginous disorder
  • vestibular disorder
  • disease or disorder of labyrinth of ear
  • disturbance of vestibular function
  • vertigo syndrome
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code H81

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    Disorders of vestibular function

    This results as the culmination of damage done to both inner ears and causes problems in vision, hearing and motor coordination.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code H81

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    Encephalitis due to bunyaviridae

    A disease caused by an infection with Oropouche virus. This disease is characterized by fever, headache, neck and back pain, joint pain, or photophobia. This disease may also present with bronchitis, nausea, diarrhoea, abdominal pain or burning sensations all over the body. Transmission is through the bite of an infected mosquito or midge. Confirmation is by detection of the Oropouche virus specific antibodies in a serum sample.

    Additional Information

    Oropouche virus disease is an urban febrile arboviral disease with a flu-like symptoms widespread in South America

    Where It Occurs

    Skin System (Integumentary System)

    Causes

    Phylum arthropoda - arthropod (organism)|Arthropod (organism)|Virus (organism)

    Also Known As

  • Oropouche fever
  • Oropouche mosquito-borne viral fever
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A93.0

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    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A85.0

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    Encephalitis due to flavivirus

    A disease of the brain, caused by an infection with flavivirus. This disease is characterized by fever, headache, meningism, hyperexcitability, or decreased consciousness. This disease may also present with neurological signs such as cranial nerve palsies, tremor and ataxia, parkinsonism, or upper limb paralysis. Transmission is through the bite of an infected mosquito. Confirmation is by identification of flavivirus in a serum sample or cerebrospinal fluid.

    Additional Information

    Japanese encephalitis is an arboviral disease (a disease due to a virus transmitted by an arthropod) caused by a flavivirus spread by wild birds, amplified by domestic pigs, and transmitted to humans mainly by a mosquito of the genus Culex. Infected individuals present with signs ranging from moderate with a headache and low-grade fever to more severe infection with high fever, meningeal syndrome (neck stiffness, vomiting), disorientation and sometimes tremors or coma. The disease, when it is symptomatic, can leave neurological sequelae and leads to death in 25 to 30% of the cases.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Organ Affected

    Entire brain (body structure)|Brain structure (body structure)

    Causes

    Mosquito bite (disorder)|Virus (organism)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • B type encephalitis
  • Also Known As

  • japanese encephalitis virus disease
  • Russian autumnal encephalitis
  • japanese B encephalitis
  • JBE - [japanese B encephalitis}
  • JE - [Japanese encephalitis]
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A83.0

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    Eye disease due to Adenovirus

    Bilateral conjunctivitis secondary to infection by adenovirus resulting in lid swelling, itching, photophobia, painful corneal opacities and periauricular lymph adenopathy. Swelling of plica and caruncle is seen to a greater or lesser degree of severity in all patients and points to the diagnosis of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis.

    Abbreviated Terms

  • EKC - [epidemic keratoconjunctivitis]
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B34.0

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    Gastroenteritis and colitis of infectious origin

    Any condition of the intestines, caused by an infection with a viral source.

    Organ Affected

    Entire intestine (body structure)

    Causes

    Virus (organism)

    Also Known As

  • viral and other specified intestinal infections
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A08

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    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B00

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    Herpes simplex infections

    This is a viral disease from the herpesviridae family caused by both Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). Infection with the herpes virus is categorized into one of several distinct disorders based on the site of infection. This diagnosis is of the gastrointestinal tract.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B00

    ----------------------

    Herpes simplex myelitis

    An inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord due to infection by Herpes simplex type 2 virus. The symptoms and signs may be acute or subacute in onset, and include paraparesis or paraplegia, sensory loss appropriate with the level of the spinal cord affected, loss of sphincter control, and lower motor neurone signs. Diagnosis may be confirmed by neuroimaging, spinal fluid analysis and culture, and PCR assay.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B00

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    Infections due to Adenovirus

    A disease of the intestinal tract, caused by an infection with adenovirus. This disease is characterized by a fever, diarrhoea, or vomiting. Transmission is by the faecal-oral route.

    Also Known As

  • Enteritis due to Adenovirus
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A08.2

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    Infections due to Alphavirus

    A disease caused by an infection with O??????nyong-nyong virus. This disease is characterized by fever and maculopapular skin rash with arthritis commonly in the big joints. This disease may also present with lymphadenitis, eye pain and reddening, chest pain, or general malaise. Transmission is through the bite of an infected mosquito. Confirmation is by detection of IgM anti-O??????nyong-nyong virus antibodies in a serum sample.

    Additional Information

    O??????nyong-nyong fever is a viral disease spread by mosquitoes. The clinical features include fever, joint pain, lymphadenopathy and skin rash. The disease is self-limiting

    Also Known As

  • O'nyong-nyong mosquito-borne viral fever
  • O'nyong-nyong arthritis
  • ONN - [o'nyong-nyong fever]
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A92.1

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    Infections due to Coltivirus

    A disease caused by the an infection with the Colorado tick fever virus, a reovirus transmitted by the tick Dermacentor andersoni. This disease may present with fever, headache, myalgias, arthralgias, fatigue, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and thrombocytopenia. Transmission is through the bite of an infected Dermacentor andersoni tick. Confirmation is by detection of IgM anti-Colorado tick fever virus antibodies in a serum sample.

    Additional Information

    Colorado tick fever (CTF) is an acute febrile (often diphasic ) viral disease with infrequent rash. It is caused by the Colorado tick fever virus, a reovirus transmitted by the tick Dermacentor andersoni. For the first 2 weeks of disease, free virus can be isolated from the blood. This is followed by a period during which the virus circulates inside of erythropoietic cells. A nonspecific febrile illness is the most common manifestation, but the virus occasionally targets other organ systems: cases with prominent hepatic or CNS manifestations have been reported. Fever is nearly universally present. Other common symptoms are headache, myalgias, arthralgias and fatigue. Severe disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombocytopenia have been recorded as causes of rare fatal cases.

    Where It Occurs

    Skin System (Integumentary System)

    Causes

    Tick (organism)|Virus (organism)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Colorado tick fever virus
  • non-exanthematous tick fever
  • Also Known As

  • American mountain tick fever
  • mountain tick fever
  • Colorado tick-borne fever
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A93.2

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    Infections due to Enterovirus

    This is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach from a genus of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, enteroviruses.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B34.1

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    Infections due to Herpes simplex virus

    Any condition caused by an infection with herpes simplex virus (human herpesviruses 1 and 2). Confirmation is by identification of herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2.

    Also Known As

  • Herpesviral infection due to Herpes simplex
  • Infections due to Simplex virus
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B00

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    Infections due to John Cunningham virus

    A disease of the central nervous system, caused by the reactivation of an infection with John Cunningham (JC) virus. This disease is characterized by damage to the myelin, and individuals may present with an altered mental state, limb weakness, headache, or lack of coordination. Transmission may be by airborne transmission or ingestion of contaminated food or water. Confirmation is commonly by identification of JC virus in cerebrospinal fluid.

    Additional Information

    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare disorder that damages the material (myelin) that covers and protects nerves in the white matter of the brain. Symptoms include headaches ,loss of coordination, clumsiness, loss of language ability (aphasia), memory loss, vision problems, and weakness of the legs and arms that gets worse

    Organ Affected

    Entire brain (body structure)|Brain structure (body structure)

    Causes

    JC virus (organism)

    Also Known As

  • progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy
  • PML - [progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy]
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A81.2

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    Infections due to Norovirus

    A disease of the gastrointestinal tract, caused by an infection with norovirus. This disease is characterized by acute onset of vomiting, non-hemorrhagic diarrhoea, and abdominal pain. Transmission is by ingestion of contaminated food or water, direct contact, or through fomites. Confirmation is by identification of norovirus.

    Additional Information

    The official genus name Noroviruses which is the group of viruses previously described as ??????Norwalk-like viruses?????? are a group of related, single-stranded RNA, non-enveloped viruses. Noroviruses cause self-limiting explosive acute gastroenteritis that last for 24-48hours in humans. The most common symptoms of acute gastroenteritis are diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain.

    Organ Affected

    Entire intestine (body structure)

    Causes

    Viral gastroenteritis due to Norwalk-like agents (disorder)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • epidemic vomiting
  • epidemic vomiting syndrome
  • epidemic nausea
  • winter vomiting
  • epidemic winter vomiting disease
  • small round structured virus enteritis
  • viral gastroenteritis due to Norwalk agent
  • epidemic viral gastroenteritis due to Norwalk virus
  • Also Known As

  • acute gastroenteropathy due to Norwalk agent
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A08.1

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    Infections due to Orthobunyavirus

    A disease of the brain, caused by an infection with California encephalitis virus. This disease is characterized by fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, or lethargy. This disease may also present with neurological conditions including recurrent seizures, hemiparesis, or cognitive and neurobehavioral abnormalities. Transmission is through the bite of an infected mosquito. Confirmation is by detection of IgM anti-California encephalitis antibodies in a serum sample.

    Additional Information

    A viral infection of the brain caused by serotypes of California encephalitis virus (Encephalitis Virus, California) transmitted to humans by the mosquito Aedes triseriatus. The majority of cases are caused by the La Crosse Virus. This condition is endemic to the midwestern United States and primarily affects children between 5-10 years of age. Clinical manifestations include fever; vomiting; headache; and abdominal pain followed by seizures, altered mentation, and focal neurologic deficits.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Organ Affected

    Entire brain (body structure)|Brain structure (body structure)

    Causes

    Mosquito bite (disorder)|Virus (organism)

    Also Known As

  • California meningoencephalitis
  • neuroinvasive california encephalitis virus infection
  • California encephalitis virus infection
  • California encephalitis virus infection neuroinvasive disease
  • California meningoencephalitis virus disease
  • California serogroup virus neuroinvasive disease
  • California viral encephalitis
  • California virus encephalitis
  • CE - [california encephalitis]
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A83.5

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    Infections due to Orthopoxvirus

    Cowpox is due to infection by an orthopoxvirus. Human disease is caused by cutaneous inoculation from an infected host. Cowpox is endemic in Europe amongst small rodents, particularly wood mice and wood voles. After a seven day incubation it causes a systemic febrile flu-like illness. Lesions are solitary or few, mainly affecting the face and
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B08.0

    ----------------------

    Abbreviated Terms

  • orf virus disease
  • bovine pustular stomatitis
  • contagious ecthyma of sheep
  • contagious ovine ecthyma
  • contagious pustular dermatitis
  • contagious pustular stomatitis
  • ecthyma contagiosum
  • generalised vaccinia
  • sore mouth (ovine)
  • ecthyma infectiousum
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B08.0

    ----------------------

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Abbreviated Terms

  • aphthous angina
  • coxsackie sore throat
  • Also Known As

  • Herpangina
  • vesicular pharyngitis
  • coxsackievirus infection of the pharynx
  • aphthous pharyngitis
  • coxsackievirus pharyngitis
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B08.5

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    Infections of the circulatory system

    A disease of the heart, caused by an infection with a viral source. This disease is characterized by fatigue, dyspnoea, palpitations, malaise, or atypical chest discomfort. This disease may also present with sinus tachycardia, cardiomyopathy, idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias, or cardiovascular collapse. Transmission is by endogenous spread or iatrogenic transmission. Confirmation is identification of the viral source in advanced imaging or cardiac biopsy.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Organ Affected

    Heart structure (body structure)|Entire heart (body structure)

    Causes

    Virus (organism)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • acute viral carditis
  • aseptic myocarditis of newborn
  • chronic viral carditis
  • coxsackie myocarditis
  • coxsackie pericarditis
  • coxsackie viral myocarditis
  • dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to viral myocarditis
  • viral cardiomyopathy
  • viral familial cardiomyopathy
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B33.2

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    Infections of the fetus or newborn

    Any condition affecting fetuses or newborns, caused by an infection with a virus.

    Additional Information

    Congential viral diseases are diseases caused by either the bloodborne transmission of a virus from a pregnant mother to the placenta and her fetus (horizontal infection) or less commonly a direct infection of the membranes and placenta transvaginally across the cervix (vertical transmission) during any point during gestation and through the first 28 days of life The clinical manifestations of these diseases vary depending on the viral agent and gestational age at exposure.

    Causes

    Virus (organism)

    Also Known As

  • congenital virus disorder
  • congenital virus disease
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P35

    ----------------------

    Infectious embryofetopathies

    There are several forms of Epstein??????ǣBarr virus infection. Infectious mononucleosis, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and Burkitt's lymphoma can all be caused by the Epstein??????ǣBarr virus.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P35

    ----------------------

    Infectious liver disease

    This is a viral disease caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). The onset is with fever, prostration, marked elevation of transaminases and leucopenia. Acute liver failure can develop.

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Herpesviral: hepatitis
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B00

    ----------------------

    Infectious meningitis

    Any disease of the meninges, caused by an infection with a viral source. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the meninges and may present with fever, headache, or neurological deficits. Transmission is commonly through haematogenous spread to the meninges after an initial infection.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Organ Affected

    Meninges structure (body structure)

    Causes

    Virus (organism)
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A87

    ----------------------

    Myelitis due to Enterovirus

    An inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord due to infection by an ECHO virus. The symptoms and signs are usually acute in onset, and include monoparesis, paraparesis, or quadriplegia, with lower motor neurone signs. Diagnosis may be confirmed by neuroimaging, spinal fluid analysis and culture, PCR assay, and serological tests.

    Also Known As

  • Myelitis due to ECHO virus
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B34.1

    ----------------------

    Nervous system infection due to Adenovirus

    A disease of the meninges, caused by an infection with adenovirus. This disease is characterized by high fever, headache, vomiting, nausea, stiff neck, photophobia, drowsiness, skin rash, confusion, seizures, or loss of consciousness. This disease may be asymptomatic in older adults. Transmission is through haematogenous spread to the meninges. Confirmation is by identification of adenovirus through a lumbar puncture, by agglutination tests, or by polymerase chain reaction.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Organ Affected

    Meninges structure (body structure)

    Causes

    adenovirus

    Also Known As

  • Adenoviral meningitis
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A87.1

    ----------------------

    Abbreviated Terms

  • three day fever
  • chitral fever
  • Italy summer grippe influenza
  • Italy summer grippe
  • Also Known As

  • pappataci fever
  • phlebotomus fever
  • sandfly-borne phleboviral disease
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A93.1

    ----------------------

    Pox virus infections of the skin

    Orf is a virus infection of the skin contracted from sheep and goats. Orf is caused by a parapox virus which infects mainly young lambs and goats. Human lesions are caused by direct inoculation of infected material. Orf is not uncommon among sheep farmers, shearers, freezing workers, vets and farmers' wives or their children who bottle-feed lambs. They occur most commonly on the fingers, hands or forearms but can appear on the face.

    Where It Occurs

    Skin System (Integumentary System)

    Also Known As

  • Contagious pustular dermatosis
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B08.0

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    Respiratory infection due to Adenovirus

    Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes and underlying structures of the throat. Adenoviral pharyngitis is a self-limiting disease associated with fever, erythema of the pharynx, enlarged tonsils with exudate and enlarged cervical lymph nodes accompanied by fever, malaise, myalgia and abdominal pain. Frequently occurs with self-limiting conjunctivitis (refer to pharyngoconjunctival fever), laryngotracheitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B34.0

    ----------------------

    Abbreviated Terms

  • measles screening
  • poliomyelitis screening
  • rubella screening
  • screening for viral encephalitis
  • yellow fever screening
  • screening for Dengue fever
  • screening for haemorrhagic fever
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code Z11.5

    ----------------------

    Vertigo

    Epidemic vertigo is a paroxysmal attack of severe vertigo, not accompanied by deafness or tinnitus, that affects young to middle-aged adults, often following a non-specific upper respiratory infection; due to unilateral vestibular dysfunction.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Vertigo (finding)
  • Organ Affected

    Entire central nervous system (body structure)|Structure of central nervous system (body structure)

    Causes

    Virus (organism)

    Also Known As

  • acute epidemic vertigo
  • viral labyrinthitis
  • viral otitis interna
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A88.1

    ----------------------

    Viral encephalitis

    An inflammatory process of the brain, frequently with evidence of meningeal involvement, due to infection by an enterovirus. The clinical manifestations are usually acute, with fever and variable combinations of convulsions, impaired mental state, and focal deficits. The spinal fluid may show a cellular reaction and elevated protein. Diagnosis is by neuroimaging, spinal fluid analysis and culture, PCR, and serologic tests.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Organ Affected

    Entire brain (body structure)|Brain structure (body structure)

    Causes

    Genus Enterovirus (organism)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Enteroviral encephalomyelitis
  • Also Known As

  • Enteroviral encephalitis
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A85.0

    ----------------------

    Viral exanthems

    A disease caused by an infection with roseolovirus (human herpesvirus type 6 or 7). This disease is characterized by acute fever, followed by macular or maculopapular exanthem in some individuals. Transmission is by inhalation of infected respiratory secretions or direct contact.

    Additional Information

    An acute, short-lived, viral disease of infants and young children characterized by a high fever at onset that drops to normal after 3-4 days and the concomitant appearance of a macular or maculopapular rash that appears first on the trunk and then spreads to other areas. It is the sixth of the classical exanthematous diseases and may be caused by human herpes virus types 6 or 7.

    Where It Occurs

    Skin System (Integumentary System)

    Also Known As

  • Exanthema subitum
  • Sixth disease
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B08.2

    ----------------------

    Viral infection in the fetus or newborn

    A disease affecting neonates, caused by an infection with enteric cytopathic human orphan (ECHO) virus in utero. This disease presents with various symptoms depending on the site of the infection, or may be asymptomatic. Transmission is by vertical transmission. Confirmation is by identification of ECHO virus in the neonate.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P35

    ----------------------

    Viral infections of the central nervous system

    A disease of the brain, caused by an infection with the Western equine encephalitis virus. This disease is characterized by fever, headache, confusion, nausea, vomiting, cranial nerve palsies, paresis or paralysis, sensory deficits, convulsions, abnormal movements, or coma. Transmission is through the bite of an infected mosquito. Confirmation is by detection of IgM anti-Western equine encephalitis virus antibodies in a serum or cerebrospinal fluid sample.

    Additional Information

    A disease which is a form of arboviral encephalitis (primarily affecting horses) endemic to western and central regions of North America. The causative organism (Encephalomyelitis virus, Western Equine) may be transferred to humans via the bite of mosquitoes (Culex tarsalis and others). Clinical manifestations include headache and influenza-like symptoms followed by alterations in mentation, seizures, and come. Death occurs in a minority of cases. Survivors may recover fully or be left with residual neurologic dysfunction, including parkinsonism, postencephalitic.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Inflammation (qualifier value)
  • Inflammation (morphologic abnormality)
  • Organ Affected

    Entire brain (body structure)|Brain structure (body structure)

    Causes

    Mosquito bite (disorder)|Virus (organism)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • western equine encephalitis virus
  • Also Known As

  • western equine encephalitis virus infection
  • western equine encephalomyelitis
  • WEE - [western equine encephalitis]
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A83.1

    ----------------------

    Viral meningitis

    Any disease of the meninges, caused by an infection with a paramyxovirus. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the meninges and may present with fever, headache, or neurological deficits. Transmission is commonly through haematogenous spread to the meninges after an initial infection.

    Additional Information

    These are viruses of the Paramyxoviridae family of the Mononegavirales order; they are negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses responsible for a number of human and animal diseases.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A87

    ----------------------

    Viral myelitis

    An inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord due to infection by a picornovirus virus (enterovirus). The symptoms and signs are usually acute in onset, and include monoparesis, paraparesis, or quadriplegia, with lower motor neurone signs. Diagnosis may be confirmed by neuroimaging, spinal fluid analysis and culture, PCR assay, and serological tests.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B34.1

    ----------------------

    Virus

    Adenovirus infections most commonly cause illness of the respiratory system; however, depending on the infecting serotype, they may also cause various other illnesses and presentations. This diagnosis the cause of diseases classified to other chapters.

    Abbreviated Terms

  • adenovirus as the cause of diseases classified elsewhere
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code B97.0

    ----------------------

    WHO notifiable diseases

    A disease caused by an infection with Rift Valley fever virus. This disease is commonly asymptomatic. This disease may also present with fever, liver abnormalities, weakness, back pain, or dizziness. Transmission is through the bite of an infected mosquito. Confirmation is commonly by detection of Rift Valley fever virus specific IgM or IgG antibodies in a blood sample.

    Where It Occurs

    Skin System (Integumentary System)

    Causes

    Mosquito bite (disorder)|Virus (organism)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Rift Valley fever virus
  • Also Known As

  • Rift Valley mosquito-borne viral fever
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code A92.4

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