Heart Failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Heart failure does not mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. It means that your heart is not able to pump blood the way it should. It can affect one or both sides of the heart.

The weakening of the heart's pumping ability causes

  • Blood and fluid to back up into the lungs
  • The buildup of fluid in the feet, ankles and legs - called edema
  • Tiredness and shortness of breath

Common causes of heart failure are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure and diabetes. It is more common in people who are 65 years old or older, African Americans, people who are overweight, and people who have had a heart attack. Men have a higher rate of heart failure than women.

Your doctor will diagnose heart failure by doing a physical exam and heart tests. Treatment includes treating the underlying cause of your heart failure, medicines, and heart transplantation if other treatments fail.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Different Conditions

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Cardiovascular disorders present in the perinatal or neonatal period

Cardiac failure originating in the neonatal period

Organ Affected

Heart structure (body structure)|Entire heart (body structure)

Abbreviated Terms

  • acute newborn heart failure
  • newborn acute congestive heart failure
  • newborn cardiac failure
  • newborn congestive heart failure
  • newborn sudden heart failure
  • Also Known As

  • cardiac failure developing in the perinatal period
  • newborn heart failure
  • newborn heart insufficiency
  • newborn myocardial insufficiency
  • cardiac insufficiency in newborn
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P29.0

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    Also Known As

  • biventricular congestive heart failure
  • biventricular heart failure, NOS
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I50

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    Diseases of the circulatory system

    Heart failure occurs when abnormalities of cardiac function result in the inability of the heart to pump blood at an output sufficient to meet the requirements of metabolizing tissues or the ability to do so only at abnormally elevated diastolic pressures or volumes.

    Organ Affected

    Heart structure (body structure)|Entire heart (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • chronic heart failure
  • chronic cardiac failure
  • decompensated heart failure
  • Also Known As

  • myocardial failure
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I50

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    Heart failure

    Heart failure associated with right ventricular dysfunction manifest by distention of the neck veins, enlargement of the liver, and dependent edema.

    Abbreviated Terms

  • right ventricle failure
  • right ventricle heart failure
  • right ventricular failure secondary to left heart failure
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I50

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    Hypertensive heart disease

    Congestive Heart failure is a common complication of prolonged hypertension.

    Organ Affected

    Heart structure (body structure)|Entire heart (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Hypertensive heart failure
  • benign hypertensive heart disease with congestive cardiac failure
  • benign hypertensive heart disease with congestive heart failure
  • benign hypertensive heart disease with heart failure
  • hypertensive congestive heart failure
  • hypertensive left ventricular failure
  • malignant hypertensive heart disease with congestive cardiac failure
  • malignant hypertensive heart disease with congestive heart failure
  • malignant hypertensive heart disease with heart failure
  • Left ventricular failure due to hypertension
  • Congestive heart failure due to hypertension
  • Also Known As

  • Hypertensive heart disease with congestive heart failure
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I11.0

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    Also Known As

  • Left ventricular failure with preserved ejection fraction secondary to coronary artery disease
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I50.1

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    Also Known As

  • Left ventricular failure with reduced ejection fraction secondary to valvular heart disease
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I50.1

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    Left ventricular failure

    A syndrome of left ventricular dysfunction occurring with normal or relatively preserved ejection fraction

    Also Known As

  • Left ventricular failure with preserved systolic ejection fraction
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I50.1

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    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P29.0

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    Abbreviated Terms

  • acute lung oedema
  • acute oedema of lung
  • acute oedematous lung
  • acute terminal oedematous lung
  • acute terminal lung oedema
  • acute lung hyperaemia
  • acute pulmonary hyperaemia
  • acute pulmonary oedema NOS
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code J81

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    Respiratory diseases principally affecting the lung interstitium

    Pulmonary edema is a condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs. This fluid collects in the numerous air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Edema (morphologic abnormality)
  • Edema (finding)
  • Organ Affected

    Lung structure (body structure)|Entire lung (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • chest congestion
  • hypostatic lung congestion
  • lung congestion
  • lung engorgement
  • pulmonary congestion
  • pulmonary engorgement
  • pulmonary stasis
  • oedematous lung
  • terminal oedematous lung
  • terminal lung oedema
  • passive pulmonary congestion
  • congestive chest
  • passive pulmonary hypostasis
  • lung hyperaemia
  • pulmonary hyperaemia
  • Also Known As

  • oedema lung
  • pulmonary oedema NOS
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code J81

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    Also Known As

  • Right ventricular failure secondary to pulmonary disease
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I50

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