Speech and Communication Disorders

Many disorders can affect our ability to speak and communicate. They range from saying sounds incorrectly to being completely unable to speak or understand speech. Causes include

  • Hearing disorders and deafness
  • Voice problems, such as dysphonia or those caused by cleft lip or palate
  • Speech problems like stuttering
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Learning disorders
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Brain injury
  • Stroke

Some speech and communication problems may be genetic. Often, no one knows the causes. By first grade, about 5 percent of children have noticeable speech disorders. Speech and language therapy can help.

NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Different Conditions

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Related ICD 10 COde
ICD 10 Code F80.0

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Aphasia

Intact auditory comprehension, fluent speech, but poor speech repetition
Related ICD 10 COde
ICD 10 Code R47

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Developmental language disorder

Developmental language disorder with impairment of mainly expressive language is characterized by persistent difficulties in the acquisition, production, and use of language that arise during the developmental period, typically during early childhood, and cause significant limitations in the individual??????s ability to communicate. The ability to produce and use spoken or signed language (i.e., expressive language) is markedly below the expected level given the individual??????s age and level of intellectual functioning, but the ability to understand spoken or signed language (i.e., receptive language) is relatively intact.

Organ Affected

Entire brain (body structure)|Brain structure (body structure)

Abbreviated Terms

  • Developmental dysphasia or aphasia, expressive type
  • developmental expressive type aphasia
  • Also Known As

  • developmental expressive language disorder
  • developmental expressive dysphasia
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code F80.1

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    Developmental speech or language disorders

    Developmental speech sound disorder is characterized by difficulties in the acquisition, production and perception of speech that result in errors of pronunciation, either in number or types of speech errors made or the overall quality of speech production, that are outside the limits of normal variation expected for age and level of intellectual functioning and result in reduced intelligibility and significantly affect communication. The errors in pronunciation arise during the early developmental period and cannot be explained by social, cultural, and other environmental variations (e.g., regional dialects). The speech errors are not directly attributable to a hearing impairment or to a structural or neurological abnormality.

    Organ Affected

    Entire brain (body structure)|Brain structure (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Functional speech articulation disorder
  • developmental articulation disorder
  • articulation disorder
  • childhood apraxia of speech
  • inconsistent speech disorder
  • phonology disorder
  • Speech sound disorder
  • verbal dyspraxia
  • developmental phonological disorder
  • developmental speech articulation disorder
  • Also Known As

  • specific speech articulation disorder
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code F80.0

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    Abbreviated Terms

  • amnestic aphasia
  • aphasic
  • aphasic disturbance
  • central aphasia
  • cortical aphasia
  • expressive-receptive aphasia
  • global aphasia
  • nominal aphasia
  • syntactical aphasia
  • semantic aphasia
  • paraphasia
  • pictorial aphasia
  • dumbness
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code R47

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    Symptoms or signs involving speech or voice

    Speech disturbances, not classified elsewhere include dysphasia and aphasia, dysarthria and anarthria, and other speech disturbances.

    Organ Affected

    Entire nervous system (body structure)|Structure of nervous system (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Agrammatism
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code R47

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