Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

Electrolytes are minerals in your body that have an electric charge. They are in your blood, urine and body fluids. Maintaining the right balance of electrolytes helps your body's blood chemistry, muscle action and other processes. Sodium, calcium, potassium, chlorine, phosphate and magnesium are all electrolytes. You get them from the foods you eat and the fluids you drink.

Levels of electrolytes in your body can become too low or too high. That can happen when the amount of water in your body changes, causing dehydration or overhydration. Causes include some medicines, vomiting, diarrhea, sweating or kidney problems. Problems most often occur with levels of sodium, potassium or calcium.

Different Conditions

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Related ICD 10 COde
ICD 10 Code P74.4

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Certain specified transitory neonatal electrolyte or metabolic disturbances

A pediatric condition characterized by bone abnormalities in a newborn due to abnormalities of minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium or vitamin D associated with the child being born prior to completing 37 weeks of gestation.
Related ICD 10 COde
ICD 10 Code P74

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Signs And Symptoms

  • Hypovolemia (disorder)
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code E86

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    Disturbances of sodium balance of newborn

    Hypernatremia is defined as serum sodium greater than 145 mmol/L.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P74.2

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    Effects of heat

    A failure of thermoregulatory sweating on exposure to heat as a result of water deprivation and/or inadequate replacement of fluids lost through sweating or by other means (e.g. severe diarrhea). If untreated this may progress to heat stroke.

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Heat exhaustion resulting from water deprivation
  • Heat prostration resulting from lack of water
  • Also Known As

  • Heat prostration due to water depletion
  • heat exhaustion due to water depletion
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code T67.3

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    Abbreviated Terms

  • Deprivation of water
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code T73.1

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    Transitory endocrine or metabolic disorders specific to fetus or newborn

    A group of pediatric conditions in which there is a temporary abnormality in the normal processes of enzyme catalyzed reactions within tissue cells (metabolism) or with the levels of minerals in the blood or other body fluids.

    Abbreviated Terms

  • transitory electrolyte disorder of newborn
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P74

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    Transitory neonatal disorders of calcium or magnesium metabolism

    Defined as serum magnesium levels less than 0.66 mmol/L (1.6 mg/L) in neonates. Symptoms usually do not develop until serum Mg levels falls below 0.49 mmol/L (1.2 mg/L).This is usually transient but can cause symptoms similar to those of hypocalcemia.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Hypomagnesemia (disorder)
  • Organ Affected

    Blood (substance)
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code P71.2

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    Volume depletion

    Dehydration occurs when there is an insufficient amount or excessive loss of water in the body. This can be caused by vomiting, diarrhoea, fever, use of diuretics, profuse sweating, or decreased water intake.

    Abbreviated Terms

  • fluid depletion
  • fluid volume deficit
  • fluid volume depletion
  • sodium and water depletion
  • anhydration
  • anhydremia
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code E86

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