Tongue Disorders

Your tongue helps you taste, swallow, and chew. You also use it to speak. Your tongue is made up of many muscles. The upper surface contains your taste buds.

Problems with the tongue include

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Changes in color or texture
  • Abnormal movement or difficulty moving the tongue
  • Taste problems

These problems can have many different causes. Treatment depends on the underlying problem.

Different Conditions

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Benign neoplasm of lip, oral cavity or pharynx

Abnormal growth, without malignant characteristics, of the cells that comprise the tongue.

Organ Affected

Tongue structure (body structure)|Entire tongue (body structure)

Causes

Neoplasm, benign (morphologic abnormality)

Abbreviated Terms

  • benign neoplasm of base of tongue
  • benign neoplasm of border of tongue
  • benign neoplasm of dorsal surface of tongue
  • benign neoplasm of junctional zone of tongue
  • benign neoplasm of lingual tonsil
  • benign neoplasm of the posterior tongue
  • benign neoplasm of tip and/or lateral border of tongue
  • benign neoplasm of ventral surface of tongue
  • benign tumour of base of tongue
  • benign tumour of fixed part of tongue
  • benign tumour of lingual tonsil
  • benign tumour of posterior third of tongue
  • benign tumour of tongue posterior to vallate papillae
  • granular cell myoblastoma of tongue
  • Also Known As

  • benign tumour of tongue
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code D10.1

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    Burning mouth syndrome

    This is a condition characterized by a burning sensation affecting the tongue which cannot be attributed to any alternative identifiable cause.

    Where It Occurs

    Digestive System

    Organ Affected

    Entire tongue

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Glossopyrosis
  • Also Known As

  • Sore tongue
  • Burning tongue syndrome
  • Glossalgia
  • Painful tongue
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code K14.6

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    Diseases of tongue

    Thickening (swelling) of tongue is a condition that may be associated but not limited to viral or bacterial infections, allergic reactions, metabolic disturbances, malignancies or trauma.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code K14

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    Diseases or disorders of orofacial complex

    Any pathological process effecting the structural tissues of the tongue with or without interference of its normal functions.

    Additional Information

    Any pathological process effecting the structural tissues of the tongue with or without interference of its normal functions in manipulation of food in mastication and deglutition, speech production and taste.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Diffuse atrophy and loss of dorsal papillae
  • Where It Occurs

    Digestive System

    Organ Affected

    Tongue structure (body structure)|Entire tongue (body structure)

    Causes

    Sexually transmitted infectious disease|(Venereal &/or spirochaete diseases [& syphilis]) or (STDs)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • Glossopathy
  • tongue biting
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code K14

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    Disturbances of oral epithelium

    Leukoplakia is a condition where areas of keratosis appear as adherent white patches on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Leukoplakia may affect other gastrointestinal tract mucosal sites, or mucosal surfaces of the urinary tract and genitals.

    Additional Information

    1. Oral leukoplakia is now defined as ??????a predominantly white lesion of the oral mucosa that cannot be characterized as any other definable lesion??????. In addition, a recommendation has been made to distinguish between a provisional clinical diagnosis and a definitive one.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Leukoplakia (morphologic abnormality)
  • Leukoplakia (disorder)
  • Organ Affected

    Tongue structure (body structure)|Entire tongue (body structure)|Oral mucous membrane structure (body structure)|Epithelium (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • leukoplakia of tongue
  • Also Known As

  • Leukoplakia of gingiva
  • leukokeratosis of oral mucosa
  • leucoplakia of oral mucosa
  • leukoplakia of oral epithelium
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code K13.2

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    Leukoplakia

    Homogenous leukoplakia??is usually well defined white patch of uniform, flat appearance and texture, although there may be superficial irregularities.

    Additional Information

    Homogenous leukoplakia is usually slightly elevated compared to surrounding mucosa, and often has a fissured, wrinkled or corrugated surface texture.??(but this texture is generally consistent throughout the whole lesion). This term has no implications on the size of the lesion, which may be localized or extensive.??When homogenous leukoplakia is??palpated, it may feel leathery, dry, or cracked mud-like.

    Also Known As

  • Thick leukoplakia
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code K13.2

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    Mucocutaneous or cutaneous pain syndromes

    This is a chronic oral-facial pain condition, a burning sensation in the tongue or other oral sites, with multiple oral complaints, including burning, dryness and taste alterations.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Glossopyrosis (disorder)
  • Glossodynia (disorder)
  • Where It Occurs

    Digestive System

    Organ Affected

    Entire oral cavity

    Also Known As

  • Orodynia
  • Sore mouth syndrome
  • BMS - [burning mouth syndrome]
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code K14.6

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    Non-homogeneous leukoplakia

    This is a small aggregation of cells where patches of keratosis appear as adherent white patches on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, including the tongue, but also other areas of the gastro-intestinal tract, urinary tract and the genitals.
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code K13.2

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    Skin disorders related to HIV

    Oral hairy leukoplakia is a focal epithelial hyperplasia of the oral mucosa associated with Epstein-Barr virus. It is closely associated with HIV and occurs in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent HIV-infected individuals. It is also, however, found in uninfected people who are immunosuppressed, e.g. organ transplant recipients. It presents as white patches with a corrugated or hairy appearance affecting particularly the lateral borders of the tongue.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Leukoplakia (morphologic abnormality)
  • Leukoplakia (disorder)
  • Where It Occurs

    Skin System (Integumentary System)|Immune System

    Organ Affected

    hairy|Oral mucous membrane structure (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • hairy leukoplakia of tongue
  • Also Known As

  • hairy leucoplakia
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code K13.3

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    Structural developmental anomalies of mouth or tongue

    A condition of the tongue, caused by short, tight, lingual frenulum or fusion of the tongue to the floor of the mount. This condition is characterized by difficulty in speech articulation due to limitation or restriction in tongue movement.

    Organ Affected

    Tongue structure (body structure)|Entire tongue (body structure)

    Abbreviated Terms

  • frenulum of tongue
  • frenum of tongue
  • short frenulum of tongue
  • short frenulum linguae
  • Aberrant insertion of frenum of tongue
  • Aberrant insertion of labial frenulum
  • Also Known As

  • Tongue tie
  • Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code Q38.1

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    Venous varicosities of sites other than lower extremity

    Varicose veins on the underside of the tongue

    Additional Information

    Sublingual varices is a benign condition characterized by dialated tortuous veins seen on the ventral or posterolateral aspect of the tongue. Individuals notice a blackish discolouration on the ventral or lateral areas of the tongue. The incidence increases with age with no gender predilection. The diagnosis is often based on clinical appearance. No treatment is required for this condition; however, haemorrhagic telangiectasia should be excluded in these individuals.

    Signs And Symptoms

  • Varicose (qualifier value)
  • Organ Affected

    Entire sublingual vein (body structure)|Structure of sublingual vein (body structure)
    Related ICD 10 COde
    ICD 10 Code I86.0

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